Nearly 30% of Panama is protected through national parks, wildlife refuges and reserves. Every year, there are more efforts to combine scientific research with local and indigenous knowledge, and aid in the overall conservation and appreciation of these biodiverse areas. Nearly 1000 species of birds, 231 mammals and 200+ reptiles and amphibians make their home in Panama. From archeological pre-Colombian ruins, former penal colonies and WWII bombing sites, to untouched diving locations and mountain peaks, these protected areas all enjoy rich ecosystems that reveal Panama’s rich cultural and natural foundations.